Germany from July 1, abolishes all restrictions on access to the German labor market for Croatian citizens and also Croatian companies can send their workers to work in Germany without any restrictions, according to the German government after its regular session on Wednesday.
The press release further stated that on June 30 ends a transitional phase of limited access to the German labor market for Croatian citizens. The German government will not make use of the possibility of extending restrictions (3 + 2 years).
So far in the first phase of restrictions for Croatian citizens, there were many exceptions. So far Germany has given access to the labor market for academics citizens of Croatia who have found employment in accordance with their profession. Also the labor market of the Croatian accession to the European Union on 1 July 2013 was open to researchers and seasonal workers.
Earlier this year, restrictions are eased further so it was possible to employ those workers from Croatia with the education for which they were trained "at least three years." For these workers, the employer still needed to negotiate a work permit by the local employment offices, but, since it was abolished a clause under which the issuance of the permit was possible only if the employer has not found adequate workers from Germany or the rest of the EU, work permits were issued without restriction.
Restrictions were only for Croatian companies from the construction industry and from companies engaged in cleaning facilities in Germany and which in Germany wanted to hire workers from Croatia. Removing restrictions from 1 July the German labor market open for the last category of workers, those without professional qualifications. Since that date, Croatian company’s in Germany can employ unlimited Croatian workers. When these companies employ, as expressly stated, they must keep German law. "The statutory minimum hourly rate which is in force in Germany since the beginning of the year goes to Croatian companies," according to a government statement.
In 2014, the 93,000 Croatian citizens in Germany were employed in jobs with social benefits in full volume. The German government is expecting about 10,000 people annually from Croatia to go to Germany to work, but that number could vary depending on the situation in Croatia.
Lifting restrictions for Croatian citizens after two years is a benchmark because it is the first time that Germany in the enlargement of the European Union does not use its right to introduce restrictions for full seven years. "I look forward that today's decision can allow full freedom of movement for Croatian citizens and workers. The right that we can work and have economic effect in another EU member state is an invaluable advantage of the European Union, "said German Minister of Labour and Social Affairs Andrea Nahles.